Design & standards
Design Guidelines and Standards
There are a number of authoritative consensus design guidelines for the designer to follow. Generally the design methodology for FRP reinforced concrete members follows that of steel reinforcing but taking into account the linear elastic or non-ductile nature of the material with different safety factors. Care is taken to avoid the possibility of a balance failure mode where concrete crushing and rupture of the bar could occur simultaneously. The designer must choose between compression failure of concrete, which is the preferred mode, and rupture of the FRP bar with a higher factor of safety.
The use of a consensus design method, rather than a proprietary derivation from existing design methodologies, helps protect the engineer of record and allows for multiple bidders for a given project.